The effect of "phantom photons" in the Mach-Zehner Interferometer.
Phantom photons are formed whenever a photon is either blocked or reflected by any material. They are the result of extremely low energy affectance waves that cannot stop proceeding in a linear direction and are normally undetectable by photo-effect detectors.
A "positive phantom" (shown as light green) is formed and passes through the material when the photon is reflected, such as with a mirror in the Mach-Zehner setup.
"Negative phantoms" are formed whenever the photon passes through the material, such as glass or a beam-splitter (shown as white).
The existence of these phantoms explains the paradox involved in the single-photon Mach-Zehner experiment.
And I think I figured out a means to prove the existence of phantom photons.
1) Align the Mach-Zehner interferometer for normal single photon use
2) Place a complete block, CB, in the northern route
3) Place an adjustable mass, AM, in the shape of an extremely slim-shim as shown (as sharp edged as possible);
4) Use as narrow a constant coherent photon beam as can be obtained (laser, not the single photon emitter shown in the diagram)
5) Adjust AM gradually toward the first point where no photons can be detected
6) Remove CB;
According to both QM and TEW, both A and B should receive 50% of the photon stream.
But according to JSSRM, B should receive slightly more than A and the amount is adjustable with AM.
As AM is adjusted from no blockage to complete blockage of the southern
route, the following detection pattern should become apparent at B;
The hump in the graph noted as "Phantom Effect" should come about due to the phasing effects of the phantoms going through AM. I can't provide any measurement predictions for a variety of
reasons, but that general pattern should become apparent if instructions
are followed carefully.